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Hello! I’m Anjali. I’m a board certified health coach, author, wife, mom and food lover from the SF Bay area (now living in Seattle, WA!); with a passion for delicious food and a desire to make healthy eating easy, tasty and fun! Learn more about me here and stay for a while!

Anjali Shah

Probiotics For Baby Constipation: Can It Really Help?

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If your baby is uncomfortable and experiencing constipation, using a probiotic may help relieve their discomfort. In this parent friendly post, I review what exactly probiotics are, how to know if your baby is experiencing constipation, and provide you with a list of my 10 favorite probiotics for baby constipation!

probiotics for baby constipation - Little infant baby lying on mothers hand drinking milk from bottle. Newborn baby drinking milk from bottle. Cute toddler with milk bottle on leg of mother.

When you’re a parent, you closely monitor the ups and downs of your baby. How many hours are they sleeping through the night? How long are their naps during the day? How much they are eating during their feeds? Are they growing well?

So when you’re baby is constipated, it can be super stressful! You are probably in tune with your baby’s discomfort, and you want to alleviate it as soon as possible!

Remedies for Baby Constipation

There are several remedies you can use to help your baby relieve their constipation.

  • If breast fed, change mom’s diet to remove any potential allergens.
  • If formula fed, change formula.
  • If eating solids, try giving your baby high fiber foods such as broccoli, pears, prunes, peaches, skinless apples.
  • Offer high fiber cooked grains, such as oats, barley, and quinoa.
  • Increase the amount of fluids you give to your child. Often lack of fluids is the cause for constipation.
  • Give baby exercise. If walking, take baby out for a walk. If not, move their legs with a bicycle motion.
  • Gently massage baby’s tummy several times a day.

Do Probiotics For Baby Constipation Work?

If you’ve tried the above changes, and still your baby experiences constipation, you may want to consider giving your child a probiotic.

Babies may have an imbalance in their gut bacteria that affects their GI tract. This in turn can cause constipation. Taking a probiotic for infants can reduce the onset of GI conditions, thus reducing the risk for constipation and acid reflux.

What Are Probiotics Exactly?

Probiotics are the good bacteria that naturally occurs in your body. You have both good and bad bacteria. When you get an infection, there is more bad bacteria than good bacteria. By taking a probiotic you add more of the good bacteria to your system to help bring the balance back to normal.

While we usually think of bacteria as bad, our bodies need the good kind of bacteria that is made up of a combination of yeasts and beneficial bacteria. By adding the good bacteria your body needs you can help fight infection.

Probiotics help your microbiome. We each have our own microbiome that is unique to us. Your microbiome is made up of organisms that work together to keep your body running and healthy.

Some of the microbes you have in your body include:

  • Bacteria
  • Fungi
  • Viruses
  • Protozoa

Microbes are a probiotic if they can be isolated from a human, survive in your intestine after ingestion, benefit you, and can be consumed safely. The most common place from beneficial microbes are in your gut.

The main job of probiotics is to help maintain a healthy balance of bacteria in your gut.

Are there any side effects associated with using probiotics for baby constipation?

In general, probiotics that are formulated for infants and babies have no side effects. In some cases infants can experience an allergic reaction, stomach pain, diarrhea, gas, and bloating.

Are probiotics safe for infants?

In most cases, probiotics have been shown to be safe for most healthy infants. However, at this time, there has not been very much research regarding the safety and effectiveness of probiotics in infants. Make sure to discuss the use of probiotics for your infant with your pediatrician prior to using them.

There are many different strains of probiotics, so you want to be sure to administer the best strain for your child. At this time there is no specific recommended dose for infants.

Can probiotics make constipation worse in infants?

While not a common reaction, it is possible that some yeast-based probiotics can cause increased constipation and thirst. The most common reaction to bacteria-based probiotics is an increase in gas and bloating.

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What Is Constipation?

Constipation in infants and children is common. Over the course of your child’s life, their bowel movements will change. Constipation occurs when your child’s bowel movements get backed up. It’s not only characterized by the infrequency of bowel movements, but also the consistency of your baby’s stool. Hard stools are a sign of constipation.

There are many different causes of constipation. Some are behavioral, while others are environmental.

If your child is trying out new foods, this could be a cause for constipation. Babies are not the same when it comes to their bowel movements. So don’t compare your child to others.

Breastfed babies may not have a bowl movement everyday. Formula fed babies may have three to four bowel movements a day.

Bowel movements are affected by the type of milk, new foods introduced, and will vary greatly from one child to the other.

What is acute constipation?

Acute constipation comes on suddenly. It can last for several days, or even a week and then resolves (usually with help from dietary changes).

What is chronic constipation in infants?

Chronic constipation is ongoing and keeps recurring.

How Can You Tell If Your Baby Is Constipated?

Your baby will give you clues to let you know he/she is constipated. Be observant of changes in behavior, consistency of bowel movements, as well as any environmental changes such as new foods, or change in schedule.

Symptoms of Constipation

Infrequent Bowel Movements: If your baby has infrequent bowel movements, or goes several days without a bowel movement, and then has a hard stool, this a sign of constipation.

Straining: If your child is straining while trying to make a bowel movement, this is a sign of constipation. Hard stools in baby’s cause straining, which is associated with constipation.

Blood in Stool: If you find red blood in your child’s stool it is a sign that are straining, and having to push very hard. This pushing can cause tears which cause the blood.

Firm Belly: Bloating and constipation can cause your baby to have a firm belly.

Refusal to Eat: Your baby may refuse to eat because they feel full quickly, or have bloating and fullness. Or eating may cause them further discomfort.

Why Is Your Baby Getting Constipated?

There are a variety of reasons why your baby may be getting constipated.

The other most common cause of constipation is lack of fluids. This does not occur as much in breastfeed babies, but is more common in formula fed babies, or babies who are eating solid foods.

If your baby expects to feel pain when they have a bowel movement, they may withhold it, causing them further pain and constipation.

Exclusively Breast Fed Babies: Causes of Constipation

If your baby is constipated and breast feeding, it could be due to something in mom’s diet. If your baby is breast fed you may consider changing your diet, as your child may be allergic to something you are consuming (typically dairy, soy, wheat/gluten, corn, nuts).

While breast fed babies usually don’t have constipation because breast milk is easily digestible, and even considered a natural laxative, it can still happen. But it usually happens around 4 months of age when babies go through a major growth spurt and sleep regression, or after the age of 6 months when other foods such as rice cereals, cow’s milk, or low fiber foods are introduced.

If your breast fed baby has pellet like stools, arches their back, and strains while going they may be constipated.

Formula Fed Babies: Change in Formula or Too Much Iron

Formula is thicker than breast milk, which is why it is not as easy to digest. However, if your baby was on one formula and doing well, and you change their formula, or provide them with a formula with too much iron, this may cause a change in their bowel movements.

Adding New Foods, Especially High Iron Baby Cereals & Dairy

When babies reach the 6 month age, you begin to introduce them to new foods such as rice cereal, pureed fruits and vegetables. If your provide your baby with a rice cereal and they get too much iron, they can become constipated. Bananas, white grains and too much dairy (cheese, yogurt) are another common cause of constipation in babies.

Which Probiotics For Baby Constipation Work Best?

Now that we’ve covered what probiotics are, as well as constipation in your infant, you may be ready to try a probiotic to help your baby’s constipation. According Reuters, “Babies taking probiotics, had significantly more bowel movements than babies on the placebo after two, four, and eight weeks, suggesting an improvement in their constipation. At the beginning of the study, the probiotic babies had, on average, less than three bowel movements per week. By week eight, they had an average of almost five.

garden of life kids raw probiotic
Garden of Life Raw Probiotic for Kids

This option comes in powder form with a mild banana flavor, making it easy to blend into a breakfast smoothie. It contains 5 billion CFU, 5 different strains of probiotics, and 23 raw organic fruits and veggies. It’s also gluten-free, certified organic, and free of sugars, soy, binders, and fillers. It can be used starting at 3 months of age all the way until your child is a teenager (just check the label for dosing instructions depending on your child’s age).

garden of life infant probiotics drops
Garden of Life Baby Probiotics

With 7 probiotic strains, and 4 Billion CFU these drops are made to help with colic, digestion, constipation, and immunity. It’s free from artificial flavors, sweeteners, dyes and chemicals. It’s also certified USDA organic, non-GMO, certified gluten free, and certified vegan. Made for babies 6 months and older.

Mary Ruth's Infant Probiotics drops
Mary Ruth’s Infant Probiotic Drops

This USDA certified organic liquid probiotic helps to develop a healthy gut to support immunity, digestion, and overall health in babies. It’s made for babies 0-12 months of age and contains 4 strains of probiotics. It’s safe & gentle, is non-GMO, vegan, shelf-stable, has no fillers, and is easy to absorb. It reduces fussiness due to colic, and digestive discomfort. It contains 1.7 Million CFUs.

box of Zarbees probiotic for infants
Zarbee’s Naturals Baby Daily Probiotic Drops

These daily probiotics drops help support your baby’s gut health and are made for babies aged 0-12 months, but can be used up to 3 years of age. The micro-encapsulated probiotic blend contains 200 million CFUs and 2 strains of probiotics, and helps balance a baby’s digestive system. These 100% natural probiotic drops are safe and effective for daily use.

evio infant probiotics
Evivo Baby Probiotic Starter Kit

This live probiotic is proven to restore the good bacteria in your baby’s gut. It significantly reduces bad bacteria linked to colic, diaper rash, and allergies, while creating a protective internal environment in your baby’s gut. It has no artificial ingredients, is gluten-free, contains 8 Billion CFU, and contains 1 probiotic strain (B. Longum Infantis).

culturelle baby probiotics box
Culturelle Baby Grow + Thrive Probiotics + Vitamin D Drops

This brand uses safe, gentle ingredients to help support the digestive and immune system while supplementing good bacteria. These probiotics have added vitamin D to help build a strong foundation for your infant’s healthy development. Designed for babies 0-12 months, it contains 2.5 billion CFUs and 2 probiotic strains.

love bug infant probiotics box
LoveBug Probiotics for Infants 0-6 Months Old Immune Support

These flavorless, vegan, non-GMO & gluten free powder packets have 1 billion active cultures and 3 probiotic strains. This blend supports baby’s digestive health during the early stages of development. It’s specially formulated for babies 0-6 months. You can add the flavorless packets to breast milk, formula, or food.

Bio Gaia infant probiotics box and tube
BioGaia Protectis Probiotics Drops with Vitamin D for Baby, Infants, and Newborns

These baby drops help with colic and have added vitamin D. These drops help to relieve common digestive discomfort such as colic, spit-ups, constipation, and diarrhea. Contains 100 million CFUs per dose, and 1 probiotic strain (L.reuteri Protectis) – which naturally colonizes the digestive tract and is even found in breastmilk.

box of mommy's bliss infant probiotic drops
Mommy’s Bliss Baby Probiotic Drops Everyday

Mommy’s Bliss probiotics are non-GMO, flavorless, allergen free and uses one of the most researched probiotic strains. It contains 1 billion CFUs and one strain (Lactobacillus rhamnosus). You can use these probiotic drops from birth onward. They help keep baby’s belly happy by supporting their digestive system.

gerber soothe probiotic drops for babies
Gerber Soothe Baby Everyday Probiotic Drops for Newborns and Infants

This Non-GMO formula features comforting probiotics that are effective in easing fussiness associated with colic, constipation, and excessive crying. Contains 1 strain of probiotics – Probiotic L. reuteri – which contributes to baby’s developing gut microbiome.

What Is The Best Time Of Day To Give My Baby Probiotics?

The best time to give probiotics for constipation is either first thing in the morning before their first feeding, or last thing at night after their last feeding. Be sure to read the recommended time on the packaging if the probiotic you choose for your baby.

Some probiotics recommend taking on an empty stomach, whereas other recommend taking it with food.

I hope this guide helped you to find the best probiotics for baby constipation! With this information in mind, you should be in a great position to make the right choice for your family. As your baby grows older, be sure to check out my post about the Best Probiotics for Kids!

Note: Before using any of these products for your child(ren), please consult with your pediatrician on the proper dosing and to make sure they approve of the probiotic you have chosen. I’m not a doctor and this post is not meant as medical advice.

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